From the moment that the Brazilian constitution was amended and the matrimonial unions were no longer exclusively recognized as the society basis, the family concept had its coverage considerably increased.
According to the 2010 population census, Brazilian families are multiplying, bringing along 19 parentage bonds, while in 2000 there were only 11. The traditional concept of family, composed by a heterosexual couple with children, was present in 49,9% of the visited homes, while in 50,1% of cases, new types of families formations were found. Homosexual families have already totaled 60 thousand, in which 53,8% are formed by women couples. Women who live by themselves sum 3,4 million, while 10,1 million of families are formed by moms or single dads.
With all those changes, more and more homosexual couples and single parents seek for assisted reproduction clinics help, in order to make their family planning possible.
For female couples and single females we have the following options:
- Intra uterine insemination, using donor’s semen;
- In Vitro Fertilization, in this situation one of the partners can have her eggs fertilized by the male donated gamete and she can continue with the pregnancy herself, or the fertilized egg can be transferred to the other partner’ uterus, so she can carry on the pregnancy. This way, both of them can participate of the process. In the single mother’s case, the patient’s eggs are fertilized by the male donated gamete and the generated embryo is transferred to her uterus.
For male couples and single males the option is in vitro fertilization with help of two women:
- An anonymous donor, selected by the clinic, whose eggs will be fertilized with one of the partner’s sperm or both;
- One of the partner’s relative who agrees to be the surrogate mother of the couple’s baby. More information in Surrogate Pregnancy.
Nowadays, in Brazil, we already have judicial determinations that covers homosexual couples and shared donation.